 # KIRFs (Key Instant Recall Facts)

At Greenside, we promote the learning of 'Key Instant Recall Facts' (K.I.R.F Targets) to support pupils' maths learning across the school. These are maths objectives, taken from The National Curriculum, which children working at age-related expectations should be able to mentally calculate and recall accurately and rapidly. Each year group has one or two different objectives every half term, which will be practised regularly in class and may be reinforced through the weekly homework activity.

You may like to practise your child’s K.I.R.F’s at home to support them in improving their recall ability and we have posted a yearly overview below. Additionally, all year groups produce a “Tip Sheet” each half term on that term’s particular objective. This tip sheet will provide further ideas on how you might practise these skills and online resources and games, which provide further support.

At Greenside, we encourage all children to learn these key facts as they can then be used to support further learning and aid problem-solving in maths.

Greenside KIRFs Yearly Overview:

 Term Autumn 1 Autumn 2 Spring 1 Spring 2 Summer 1 Summer 2 Recep Say the number names in order to 5   Count sets of objects reliably to 5. Say the number names in order to 10.   Count sets of objects reliably to 10. To find the total number in two groups by counting them.   To subtract from a total by counting back. To work out 1 more than a number from 1 - 10.   To work out 1 less than a number from 1 - 10. Say the number names in order to 20.   Count sets of objects and order numbers to 20. To work out 1 more than a number from 11-20.   To work out 1 less than a number from 11 - 20. Year 1 Recall addition and subtraction facts within 5.   Know all the number bonds to 10. Recall addition and subtraction facts within 10   Know all the number bonds to 20 To add and subtract 1 to a 2 digit number   To count on and back in steps of 10. To know doubles and halves of number to 10.   To count on and back in steps of 2. Know number bonds for each number to 20.   To count on and back in steps of 5. To count on and back in steps of 2, 5 and 10.   To add and subtract 10 to/from a number Year 2 Know all the number bonds to 20 and facts within 20.   Count on and back in ones and tens from any given 2 digit number. Know multiplication and division facts for  x 10 table.   To add and subtract 10 and multiples of 10 to/from a number. To know doubles and halves to 20.   To count in 2s, 5s, and 10s. Know multiplication and division facts for   x2 and x5 tables.   To add any pair of 2 digit numbers. To subtract any pair of 2 digit numbers by counting back in tens and ones or by counting up.   To double and begin to halve numbers multiples of 10 and 100. To begin to count in 3s and recall multiplication and division facts for x3 table.   To double and begin to halve numbers to 50. Year 3 Know multiplication and division facts for x3 table.   Add and subtract multiples of 10 and 100 (e.g 90 – 50, 300 + 600) Know multiplication and division facts for x 4 table.   Count on and back in 50s from different starting points. Know multiplication and division facts for x 8 table.   Add and subtract 1, 10 or 100 to/from any number up to 1000. Partition teens numbers to multiply by a single digit (e.g 4 x 16 as 4 x 10 and 4 x 6)   Read and write Roman Numerals to 12 (context of clock face) Know fractions that add to 1 (e.g ¼ + ¾ = 1) or the fraction left when subtracted from 1 (e.g 1 – 2/5 = 3/5)   Know days in each month including leap years. Multiply and divide multiples using known facts for x3, x4, x8 (e.g 3 x 70, 80 x 5)   Divide a whole number by 10 up to 100 (37/10 = 3.7) Year 4 Know multiplication and division facts for x6 table.   Know number bonds to 100 (including as money and measures) Know multiplication and division facts for x7 table.   Count on and back in 25s from different starting points. Know multiplication and division facts for x9 table.   Add and subtract 1, 10, 100 or 1000 to/from any number up to 10,000 (e.g 9675 – 100 = 9575) Know multiplication and division facts for x11 table.   Read and write Roman Numerals to 100. Know multiplication and division facts for x 12 table.   Know decimal equivalents for tenths, hundredths and for quarter, half and three quarters. Multiply and divide multiples using known facts for any times table (e.g 90 x 8)   Divide a whole number by 10 or 100 up to 100 (78/100 = 0.78) Year 5 Count up/down in thousands.   Read and write roman numerals to 1000.   Know number bonds to a 1000. Know square numbers and square roots to 144.   Identify all multiples and factors including factor pairs.   Recall prime numbers up to 19. Use doubling and halving as a mental division and multiplication strategy.   Know all times tables and division facts to 12 x 12 by instant recall. Read and write decimals as fractions.   Be able to recall common equivalent fractions. Know decimal number bonds to 1 and to the next whole number.   Add to the next 10 from a decimal number.   Add and subtract decimal numbers which are near multiples of 1 or 10. Convert between common units of metric measurements (mm, cm, m, km, g, kg, ml, l).   Convert between units of time (minutes, hours, weeks, months, years). Year 6 Count forwards and backwards from any given number, in any steps, crossing boundaries and into negative numbers.   Add positive numbers to negative numbers  (e.g calculate a rise in temperature -7 + 9 = ). To multiply and divide numbers by 10, 100 and 1,000 giving answers up to three decimal places.   Use place value and number facts in mental multiplication (e.g. 40,000 x 6 = 240,000). To convert between decimals, fractions and percentages.   Know the 2 decimal place complements of 1 (0.77 and 0.23) and the 1 decimal place complements of 10 (4.5 +5.5). Quickly recall doubles and halves of one and two digit decimals.   Quickly recall the doubles and halves of all multiples of 10 to 10,000. Identify common factors, common multiples and prime numbers.   Use rounding in mental calculation e.g 19 x 34 = 20 x 34-34. Use doubling and halving as a mental division and multiplication strategy. E.g to divide by 2,4,8,5,20 and 25 (628 ÷ 8 is halved three times 28 x 25 is ¼ of 28 x 100 = 700).   Calculate mentally using brackets.
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